Evolve, don’t stagnate: Moving Cleveland’s Icebreaker Wind project forward. November 19, 2018

The urgent need for the producers of outdated sources of electrical power to be part of the move into the modern age has been expressed in this article.

In its Final Environmental Assessment of the LEEDCo project, the DOE is supportive of Icebreaker moving ahead, September 13, 2018

Based on the analysis presented in the final Environmental Assessment, DOE has determined that providing federal funding to Lake Erie Economic Development Corporation in support of Project Icebreaker would not constitute a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment. Read more here

Astroturfing exposed in the opposition to the Icebreaker Project on Lake Erie, August 13. 2018

William Friedman, of the Cleveland-Cuyahoga County Port Authority, has announced that they have identified the likely staging area to handle the massive foundation structures for the wind turbines. Read more here.

Lake Erie Offshore Wind Project Strongly Endorsed by Climatologist Michael Mann, April 24, 2018

World renowned Climate Scientist Michael Mann’s strong endorsement of the Offshore Wind Project on Lake Erie is now reported in Renewable Energy World here.

The Call for Wind Energy Development on Lake Erie Led by Union Members, March 15, 2018

It is very exciting that Cleveland has, once again, the opportunity to make use of its geographical location, becoming a leader in taking us into a new era of manufacturing. As before, one of the resources that will be required is at our doorstep: Lake Erie.


Read more on Paul Gipe's Wind-Works web page here.

Ohio Power Siting Board schedules local hearing for proposed wind farm in Lake Erie, August 16, 2017

It has been announced that the Ohio Power Siting Board will be holding a public hearing in downtown Cleveland for the proposed wind farm in Lake Erie.

This will be a valuable opportunity for supporters of clean renewable energy to express their views. The input that the OPSB receives will be crucial in determining the progress of this visionary project.

Details here.

Gov. Kasich Vetoes Continued Freeze on Ohio Clean Energy Mandates, December 27, 2016

Governor John Kasich has made good on a promise to veto legislation that would have prolonged a freeze on Ohio’s renewable-energy and energy-efficiency standards, clearing the way for significant new clean energy investments.

The standards were initially introduced in a 2008 law that required utilities to make up 12.5 percent of their electricity mix with renewable energy sources by 2025, and cut electricity consumption through efficiency programs by 22 percent by the same year. Then in 2014, legislators passed a bill placing a two-year hold on the mandates for the state to conduct a policy review.

An energy study subcommittee, made up primarily of lawmakers who voted to relax the clean energy requirements, recommended last year that the freeze continue indefinitely.

Earlier this month, the Ohio state legislature passed HB 554, which set a renewable energy target of 7.5 percent by 2021, but made compliance with the state’s clean energy standards voluntary for the next two years. Critics argued that making the standards optional would have the same effect as another two-year freeze, and would further weaken Ohio’s clean energy market.

H.B. 554 also made it easier for utilities to comply with energy efficiency targets by “banking” early efficiency gains, which some lawmakers and consumer groups said would increase costs for electricity customers, who ultimately fund the program.

With Governor Kasich’s veto, the original clean energy standards are set to be reinstated on January 1, 2017.

Kasich, who repeatedly warned lawmakers that he did not want to extend the freeze, said approving the bill would have undermined the state’s ability to attract business and create new employment opportunities.

"Job creators have attributed their reasons for expanding, growing and creating jobs in Ohio to, among other things, our state’s stable fiscal health, jobs-friendly tax climate and sound regulatory policies -- as well as our state’s wide range of energy generation options," he said, in a statement. "HB 554 risks undermining this progress by taking away some of those energy generation options, particularly the very options most prized by the companies poised to create many jobs in Ohio in the coming years, such as high technology firms."

Seven major Ohio employers, including Whirlpool, Nestlé, Clif Bar and the National Association of Energy Service Companies praised Kasich for defending the standards in a joint statement released by Ceres.

“Through your veto of HB 554, you have sent a clear market signal that clean energy jobs, investment and innovation are welcome in Ohio,” the statement reads. “Businesses like ours rely on renewable energy and energy efficiency standards in order to cut costs, avoid energy price volatility and stay competitive.”

The veto was also greeted with cheers from environmental groups and cleantech industry advocates.

Before the freeze was implemented, Ohio’s standards supported more than 25,000 jobs, saved Ohioans more than $1 billion on their electricity bills and slashed air pollution in the Buckeye State, according to the Environmental Defense Fund. “With the state’s renewable and efficiency standards back in place, Ohio can reclaim its spot as a clean energy leader, clearing the way for well-paying jobs, millions in investment, and healthier air for all,” said Dick Munson, EDF’s director of Midwest clean energy.

A recent study by EDF and the Nature Conservancy found that increasing Ohio’s mix of energy efficiency and clean energy would create between 82,300 and 136,000 new jobs and provide customer savings between $28.8 and $50.9 million by 2030.

A separate analysis conducted by the Advanced Energy Economy Institute found that meeting Ohio’s energy needs with a combination of renewable energy, energy efficiency and natural gas would save the state $3.3 billion by 2027.

Ted Ford, president of the state-level business association Ohio Advanced Energy Economy, said that Michigan has attracted over $1.1 billion in renewable energy investments over the past three years, while Ohio has been idling. “With this veto, Ohio can begin to move forward with sensible energy policy next year -- one that can bring back advanced energy jobs and investment,” he said.

HB 554 passed with support from Republican lawmakers, led by State Senator Bill Seitz, who referred to the mandates as “socialist policies.”

Other lawmakers said they didn’t want to chain Ohio to clean energy standards with a new Republican administration taking control of the White House.

”We have a new federal administration coming in that could make a lot of different impacts,” said Republican House Speaker Cliff Rosenberger, the Toledo Blade reports. “We shouldn’t be stuck in a mandate.”

Support for the bill was not universal, however. Republican lawmakers in regions where the wind and solar industries have taken hold chose to side with Democrats in opposing the legislation.

The Ohio state legislature could override Kasich's veto with a three-fifths majority vote, but failed to meet this threshold when HB 554 passed the House (56-41) and Senate (18-13) earlier this month.

Julia Pyper

Senior Editor

Greentech Media


Middough, Cleveland-based engineers, to design Lake Erie wind turbine interconnection, September 22, 2016

Middough, a nationally ranked 65-year-old locally-based engineering company, has been chosen to design a facility to move high-voltage power from the planned wind farm in Lake Erie to Cleveland Public Power's system.  Details here.

DOE Awards $40M Grant for Lake Erie Wind Project – A Victory for Windustrious Cleveland, June 9, 2016

June 9, 2016 - By Sarah Taylor - Renewable Energy World

Ohio Congresswoman Marcy Kaptur on May 27 announced that "Cleveland’s Wind Project qualifies for a [U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)] grant of $40 million in additional funds” to construct turbines on Lake Erie, "unlocking the tremendous offshore wind energy potential of the Great Lakes, which represents 20 percent of the United States’ total offshore wind energy capacity."

Fred Olsen Renewables, the largest independent power producer in the United Kingdom and the fifth largest in Europe, is expected to raise the remaining $70 million. Fred Olsen Renewables is enthusiastic about the upcoming collaboration.

This exciting project began in 2006 as a citizen initiative, named Windustrious Cleveland. As a longtime resident of the city, I have deep respect and affection for its industrial core, and regret that much of it is now underutilized. Ten years ago I realized that, a few miles offshore on Lake Erie, there were strong steady winds that could be used as a clean source of power. In doing so, Cleveland could create a new manufacturing center, involving the building, installing and maintaining of wind turbines. Many people, with a variety of skills, would find rewarding work. On top of that, such an installation would be the first offshore wind farm in fresh water in the world. Our city would take on a leadership position.

It was important to build grassroots as well as official support for this idea. With the aid of creative web designer, Dennis Yurich, I launched the Windustrious website. Jeff Moyer, an inspired composer, wrote and performed a beautiful theme melody for the project. Members of the public, as well as organizational and industry leaders, were encouraged to express their support, and were featured as Windustrious Champions on the website.

To push the project ahead, powerful voices were brought on board, including the influential Cleveland Foundation in 2006. Many public officials were lobbied, as well as heads of environmental and community organizations. I met and talked with members of the wind industry and other industry leaders. I wrote letters, gave presentations, and supported wind energy for Lake Erie at every opportunity. Ronn Richard, President of the the Cleveland Foundation, together with Bill Mason, Cuyahoga County Prosecutor, created the Great Lakes Energy Development Task Force. Subsequently many studies were done to investigate the potential for installing a wind farm on the Lake. An official project, the Lake Erie Energy Development Corporation (LEEDCo), was launched in 2009, and geological and further analyses were completed.

All the while, a growing number of Champions added their names and supportive comments to the site, increasing enthusiasm for the project at a multitude of different levels. As I said in a 2009 video, “If this project ever comes to fruition, I want to say thank you to all the Champions who helped to make it happen. You’ve done something very big — not just for Cleveland, but for the planet.”

The current exciting development was fostered by the climate of receptivity and creativity that we initiated. DOE gave small grants to the project at earlier stages, and has now decided that the project's standing among the various competing requests for funding now merits the really large grant that had always been on the horizon.

The green light given to this endeavor by the U.S. government is an enormous boost to the project. Some obstacles, however, may still pose challenges to the successful exploitation of Lake Erie’s powerful and steady wind resource. The lake is the shallowest of all the Great Lakes, which greatly facilitates the placement of turbine bases, but the lake bottom is not as dense and firm as might be wished. This is where the technology developed by Universal Foundation (a company majority owned by Fred Olsen Ocean) comes into play. Their "suction bucket" foundation permits firm anchoring on even the softest of underwater terrains. This is important, as the fresh water of Lake Erie can freeze in a severe winter, imposing appreciable stress on the wind turbine's tower.

The outlook is thus now rosy for the development of the substantial wind resource that Lake Erie represents. In the words of Jeff Moyer's rousing invocation to wind power:

Now we vision mighty turbines
To sustain a cleaner time,
The Lake's turbines are the answer
But the choice is yours and mine.
There is wind on the water
There is power in the breeze
There is wind on the water
See the turbines spin increase.

Wind on the water,
There is wind on the water,
There is wind on the water, evermore.

Lead image credit: Mark Goebel | Flickr


U.S. DOE awards $3.7 million to Lake Erie wind turbine project, May 19, 2016

May 19, 2016 - by John Funk - The Plain Dealer
LEEDCo-wind-turbine-barge.JPG The Lake Erie Energy Development Corporation (LEEDCo) has won another $3.7 million U.S. Department of Energy grant to continue the engineering work to build a 20-megawatt demonstration wind farm in Lake Erie, nearly 10 miles northwest of downtown Cleveland. In this May 2013 photo, LEEDCo contractors analyzed samples of the lake bed where the non-profit company wants to build, using this 90-food jack-up barge to perform pressure tests and to extract the soil samples. Last summer LEEDCo contracted to have a much larger contractor take core samples of the soil deep under the lake bed. Howard Tucker, Grossi Public Relations, File, 2013

CLEVELAND, Ohio -- The U.S. Department of Energy is advancing another $3.7 million to the Lake Erie Energy Development Corp. to continue engineering work on a proposed wind turbine project in Lake Erie about seven to 10 miles northwest of downtown Cleveland.

"This additional funding will support LEEDCo's offshore wind research and development progress and work associated with permitting, ... [and with an interconnection] agreement, installation and operations and a maintenance plan," the DOE wrote in a memo to the Ohio Congressional delegation.

The grant is the third the DOE has awarded to LEEDCo, bringing the total federal funding to $10.7 million. Previous grants have helped pay for the development of foundation engineering designs.

The energy department made LEEDCo an alternate or runner-up in 2014 when it announced it would be awarding $47 million grants to offshore projects in the Atlantic Ocean.

But those projects have run into engineering and political problems while LEEDCo has continued to work on the hard engineering involved in placing wind turbines in fresh water, where ice poses an extra foundation problem.

LEEDCo has achieved significant milestones and overcome all of the weaknesses identified in [earlier] evaluations."

LEEDCo is hoping the energy department will now declare it a finalist and move a primary grant to the lake project since the ocean projects have not met the government's rigorous engineering development schedule.

LEEDCo's decision last year to partner with Norwegian wind developer Fred.Olsen Renewables, the largest independent power producer in the United Kingdom and the fifth largest in Europe, should help.

Fred.Olsen has incorporated a U.S. subsidiary and intends to buy LEEDCo's assets. In the mean time the Norwegian developer has been paying some of the bills.

The $3.7 million DOE grant depends on the LEEDCo and Fred.Olsen partnership providing a $1.9 million cost share, according to a DOE memo, making the total funding now available nearly $5.6 million.

David Karpinski, an engineer and LEEDCo vice president, said the DOE had indicated in November that the project was on track to receive the $3.7 million. "This grant will take us through another year of detailed engineering work," he said. "Fred.Olsen is contributing a cost share now."

Karpinski said the goal now is to complete detailed electrical and mechanical engineering designs -- everything from the wiring and transformers, to underwater cables, to exact foundation specifications and even details as small as ladders on the turbine foundations.

The goal is to have the wind turbines built and functioning by the end of 2018, he said.

U.S. Democratic Rep. Marcy Kaptur, the ranking member of the House Energy and Water Appropriations Subcommittee, said her goal at this point is to convince the DOE to make the LEEDCo project a finalist and eligible for major future federal funding.

"LEEDCo has achieved significant milestones and overcome all of the weaknesses identified in DOE's [2014] project evaluations," she said in a statement issued late Wednesday. "This ... project will begin to unleash Lake Erie's full renewable power potential and contribute to creating a more competitive energy marketplace."

As originally conceived when the Cleveland Foundation awarded the first grant to the project a decade ago, off-shore Lake wind farms were thought of as having the potential to generate hundreds, if not thousands, of megawatts -- as much as a fleet of conventional power plants, either coal or nuclear.

The idea was that such a development would have a good chance of creating thousands of manufacturing jobs in Northeast Ohio.

That goal has not disappeared.

LEEDCo is aiming to build a 20-megawatt demonstration project, not a commercial wind farm. In other words, this is a proof-of-concept project.

Current cost estimates, including the research and development already under way, are between $120 million and $128 million. Fred.Olsen Renewables is expecting to raise about a third of that money through private investors. The company is talking to banks, both here and in Europe to finance the remainder.

LEEDCo plans to use six turbines designed for off-shore wind farms around the world on foundations designed to withstand ocean wind and current conditions.

What makes the LEEDCo project different is that it would be the first off-shore fresh water project, meaning the foundation designs would have to be able to withstand ice on the surface as well as underwater ice floes and ice dams.